Article accepted for print: 28.08.2017
Existing concepts of sleep origin and dreams regulation review shows fluctuations from excessive "psychologization" in psychoanalytic tradition representatives to the reduce of dreaming to a "side" product of brain structure attunement physiological processes. Basing on the Jungian concept of dreams’ semantics, authors have created a meaning of dreams questionnaire, consisting on the combination of “closed”, by selecting from a list of choices, and an open (subjective phenomena). An initial testing was conducted on a sample of more than 180 people. It is shown that with aging there’s a growing misalignment of direct questions’ answers with choice of experiencing positive emotions and events descriptions as having both "regular" and "life-threatening" nature, increasing sexual motives in dreams with mismatch of "beloved person" and an unfamiliar partner. In general, the results can be interpreted as the respondents’ predominant reliance on primitive protection mechanisms (denial, displacement, substitution) and a negative, through evading real issues, solution to the middle age crisis.
dreams, psychotherapy, semantics, questionnaire.
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